At this point of the process, consider new goals for communication and engagement. Consider how the team will share information about the planning process up to this point, seek input on the implementation plan, and help individuals and departments understand their roles in the finalized plan. There likely will be a need to broaden communication and engagement during implementation as the work will expand to include more faculty from other disciplines, advisors, and other student services staff.
helps in developing effective communication and engagement strategies.
helps in creating a strategic plan for communicating and engaging with diverse stakeholder groups.
highlights sample strategies for different stakeholders.
Research demonstrates the negative impact of long course sequences for students (Bailey, Jeong, & Cho, 2009). Acceleration—reducing the time it takes for students to enroll in and complete a college-level mathematics course—underlies the DCMP model. As previously noted, promising evidence suggests that many more students can succeed in college-level courses when provided with adequate support (Complete College America, 2016).
When using a multi-term sequence, create conditions that actively encourage students to enroll in successive semesters, which increase their likelihood of success.
The Dana Center recommends consideration of two possible structures for acceleration: a one-semester corequisite model and a one-year aligned course sequence. The one-semester corequisite model includes a college-level mathematics course paired with learning support such as an online tutorial, additional hours of instruction, or mandatory tutorial labs to address any gaps in knowledge and skills. One-year models allow students to complete a college-level course within one year through a sequence of two courses. The first course may be designated as developmental, but it is designed to introduce students to college-level material with appropriate supports and is aligned to the second course. In any multi-term sequence, it is essential to integrate structures to support continuous enrollment to minimize attrition over the two terms.
Regardless of the structure, the leadership team should pursue acceleration models that enable students to complete a credit-bearing mathematics course within their first year at the institution. The team should also consider how both models will affect parameters for scheduling classes.
highlights the success of corequisite supports and outlines considerations in designing corequisite model(s) that best serve the institution and its students.
Full-scale implementation of mathematics pathways will depend on broad expertise and involvement of faculty and staff. The leadership team should plan strategically to build capacity for implementation. The team should seek opportunities for faculty and staff to attend training sessions or establish institution-based training in collaboration with others in the region. Additionally, the leadership team can seek counsel from institutions that are further along in their implementation.
Keep in mind that the pathways identified for specific programs of study may require a change in the types of courses that faculty will teach. For example, a greater emphasis on statistics courses may require new certification for existing faculty or indicate the need to hire new staff. The leadership team should think about the professional learning required for faculty and staff, including making appropriate provisions for adjunct faculty.
A detailed plan for implementation will include the following information:
- Clear Targets: What milestones are required to meet year-one goals?
- Data Collection: What research questions drive the evaluation plan? What data will you collect to address the research questions? Who will be responsible for collecting it? By when?
- Deliverables: What resources, tools, and/or supports need to be developed?
- Check-ins: When will you analyze data and note progress?
- Adjustments: How will you decide what adjustments to make?
- Communications: When will you communicate progress and celebrate success? How will this information be disseminated?
As suggested with the goals, identify stakeholders who can provide thoughtful feedback on the implementation plan.
The leadership team should develop an evaluation plan alongside its detailed implementation. This evaluation plan supports the leadership team’s effort to monitor progress and celebrate success. It may include research questions of effect; data metrics for collection and analyses; methodology; priorities for disaggregating data based on race/ethnicity, gender, age, and socioeconomic status (i.e., Pell eligibility); and a timeline of activity for check-ins and discussions to learn from change. The leadership team can work with the institutional research office to determine which data will answer identified research questions and appropriate analysis processes to use. Foremost, data collection and analysis should inform future decisions, which are communicated regularly through multiple channels to the different stakeholder groups.
Celebrating success is crucial—it gives the leadership team and all involved in implementation an opportunity to acknowledge “wins” based on data. Moreover, reflection highlights opportunities and barriers to success, which can be further explored or addressed as implementation continues. Sample questions to guide celebrations include:
- What did we accomplish?
- What helped our progress?
- What interfered with our progress?
helps to define key actions and deliverables in year one of implementing mathematics pathways.
highlights key institutional actions and deliverables in year one of implementing mathematics pathways.
shares a notable example from the field of celebrating progress to motivate continuous evaluation and improvement.
Many institutions have great intentions when implementing a change, particularly one designed to improve student outcomes. However, those charged with implementing that change will be affected. For many, it is not the change itself that can be unsettling; rather, it is the implications of that change on those responsible for implementing it that creates havoc. If leadership team members anticipate that some stakeholders will view mathematics pathways as a welcome change while others may be skeptical or even resist it, they can plan accordingly.
The Stages of Concern, which was introduced in Essential Action 3, refers to what individuals may be thinking or questioning about the change. This process does not imply that the concern is negative (Hall & Hord, 2015). There are seven stages of concern that fall into four dimensions.
(Source: Hall & Hord, 2015. For more information, please visit http://www.air.org/resource/stages-concern.)
Understanding the current context includes being familiar with the cultural aspects of the institution. For example, the leadership team will benefit from knowing how individuals and departments work together, what information is known by different stakeholder groups, and what the attitudes are about change. In addition, institutional culture is affected by communication, collaboration, trust, and engagement. The importance of communication and engagement has been discussed in this guide. Trust is defined as a mutual understanding about the goodwill of others and the confidence that others will do no harm, will do what they say they will do, and have the knowledge and skills to do what is asked of them (Henkin & Dee, 2001; Tschannen-Moran, 2004). Trust is essential to a positive culture. Likewise, the more that collaboration—faculty and staff working together on issues related to teaching and learning and sharing ideas about instruction—is an institutional norm, the more positive the culture will be.